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You don’t know that Woody Allen is guilty

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This post has now been re-published in spiked - go here.

In the name of supporting Dylan Farrow, commentators have unleashed a wave of prejudice and intolerance against Woody Allen.

There is so much that is very illiberal and disturbing about the urge to condemn and publicly denounce Allen:

  • It’s not based on fact

As many have noted, Allen is being tried in the court of public opinion, rather than a court of law. And this trial by opinion-page and Twitter has nothing of the standards of evidence-gathering and justice we would expect in a true court. As Dahlia Lithwick in Slate writes: “In the Court of Public Opinion there are no rules of evidence, no burdens of proof, no cross-examinations, and no standards of admissibility. There are no questions and also no answers. Also, please be aware that in the Court of Public Opinion, choosing silence or doubt is itself a prosecutable offense”.

It’s clear that, in the “court of public opinion”, evidence and facts are not required. Noah Berlatsky, writing in The Atlantic, says “If I were on a jury, knowing what I know now, I would convict.” And what is his evidence? “Maureen Orth's recent piece in Vanity FairJon Lovett's discussion, and Jessica Winter's article.”  That’s enough, apparently.

  • Accusers claim they don’t need to be right

What’s even worse is how many commentators are not that bothered to prove their condemnations are based on the truth or not. Another Allen-denouncer, Aaron Brady, says “I think Woody Allen probably did it, though, of course, I could be wrong. But it’s okay if I’m wrong.” According to this view, it’s perfectly fine to denounce someone in public, even if you are not sure that you are correct. Unlike in a courtroom, in the public sphere we don’t have to uphold standards: “Because I have not been empowered by jails and electric chairs and states of exception to destroy people’s lives,” says Brady, “it isn’t necessary for me to err heavily on the side of ‘we need to be really fucking sure that the accused did it.’” Public humiliation, ostracization, loss of livelihood, among other things,can be devastating to people who are falsely accused, but some just don’t care that they are not "really fucking sure", they'll just let it fly.

  • The campaign against Allen is trashing the idea of “presumed innocent”

New York Times columnist Nick Kristof published Dylan Farrow’s letter, and in his opinion piece accompanying that letter, he references a supposed “standard to honor” that trumps legal-based standards of truth:  “Look, none of us can be certain what happened. The standard to send someone to prison is guilt beyond a reasonable doubt, but shouldn’t the standard to honor someone be that they are unimpeachably, well, honorable?” Later, he writes, “When evidence is ambiguous, do we really need to leap to our feet and lionize an alleged molester?” In other words, in the public sphere, we should drop the notion of “innocent until proven guilty”. Essentially, Kristof’s argument is, don’t let anyone who is accused participate in society – we must act as if they are guilty.

Brady criticizes those who would give Allen the presumption of innocence, and bizarrely argues that Dylan Farrow is the one who should be presumed innocent: “Woody Allen cannot be presumed to be innocent of molesting a child unless she is presumed to be lying to us. His presumption of innocence can only be built on the presumption that her words have no credibility, independent of other (real) evidence, which is to say, the presumption that her words are not evidence.” This Alice-in-Wonderland idea overturns a longstanding notion of justice: that the burden is on the accuser to prove the defendant is guilty, and until such time we are to presume the defendant’s innocence.

  • An “epidemic of sexual violence” and a “rape culture” supposedly justify treating all individuals who are accused of sexual assault, like Woody Allen, as worthy of vilification

Writing in The Nation, Jessica Valenti, bases her case against Allen on a series of “we know...” statements, such as “We know one in five girl children are sexually assaulted” [actually we don’t know, since this statistic is bogus, as it happens], and “We know that abusers are manipulative, often charismatic, and that they hide their crimes well, ” and so on. But what does that have to do with Allen?   “Yet despite all of these things that we know, our culture will bend over backward to inject doubt into Dylan Farrow’s harrowing open letter about being sexually assaulted by Allen.” In other words, given that “we know” we live in a sexist society, it’s not acceptable to have any doubt about Allen’s guilt. In a totalitarian way, we are supposed to denounce Allen in the name of a supposedly larger truth.

  • The attacks on Allen ignore a history of terrible false accusations

The rush to judge Allen forgets that many have been falsely accused of sex crimes, and have suffered badly for it. In the Wall Street Journal, Dorothy Rabinowitz helpfully reminds us about “the high-profile sex-abuse cases that had swept the country in the 1980s and early 1990s—people convicted and sentenced to long prison terms on the basis of testimony from children coaxed into making accusations. Accusations made, at ages 5, 6 or 7, that many of them would continue to believe fervently were true, into adulthood.” Many of these convictions would be later thrown out or overturned, but not before the innocent spent some years behind bars.

A Danish film, “The Hunt”, has been nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at this year’s Oscars. It tells the story of  how “the devastating effects of false accusations of child molestation play out in the life of an innocent kindergarten teacher.” It’s not a story that our denouncers of Allen will want us to dwell on.

  • Those not taking sides with Dylan Farrow are accused of being accomplices to a crime

Given how many unknowns and counter-claims surrounding the Farrow-Allen case, it’s entirely rational and fair for people to be unsure and skeptical about it. But not for those would condemn Allen; they believe there is no such thing as neutrality. As Berlatsky writes, “If we all just stay above the fray, and insist that the existence of abuse here is unknowable – that, de facto, means that Allen wins.” But we don’t know, and siding with Farrow doesn’t change that fact. Brady charges that to give Allen the presumption of innocence is to accuse Farrow of lying – but that’s just nonsense. We simply don’t know which one of them is telling the truth. And we’re not required to make that judgment.

Sex abuse is a serious crime. Blindly believing every accuser does not treat such cases with the seriousness they deserve, and opens the door to modern witch-hunts. The ideas of “rape culture” and “victim’s rights” are providing excuses to undermine hundreds of years of standards regarding justice and individual rights – rights that benefit everyone, both women and men.

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